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China manufacturer Stainless Steel CNC Machining Steering Propeller Flexible Crank Gear Drive Shafts Drive Line

Product Description


Product Description

Gear model Customized gear shaft accoding to customers sample or drawing
Processing machine CNC machine
Material 20CrMnTi/ 20CrMnMo/ 42CrMo/ 45#steel/ 40Cr/ 20CrNi2MoA
Heat treattment Carburizing and quenching/ Tempering/ Nitriding/ Carbonitriding/ Induction hardening
Hardness 58-62HRC
Qaulity standerd GB/ DIN/ JIS/ AGMA
Accuracy class 5-8 class
Shipping Sea shipping/ Air shipping/ Express

Detailed Photos


1. who are we?
    Founded in November 2000, Xihu (West Lake) Dis.g Seiko Machinery Co., Ltd. is located in Xihu (West Lake) Dis., ZheJiang province
2. how can we guarantee quality?
Always a pre-production sample before mass production;
Always final Inspection before shipment;

3.what can you buy from us?
Saic maxus,Great Wall,Foton,JMC,JAC

4. why should you buy from us not from other suppliers?
Specializing in the production of winding, rotary, walk, crawler crane, dig the reducer gear ring

5. what services can we provide?
Accepted Delivery Terms: FOB;
Accepted Payment Currency:USD;
Accepted Payment Type: T/T,MoneyGram,PayPal,Cash;
Language Spoken:English,Chinese,FrenchSpecializing in the production of winding, rotary, walk, crawler crane, dig the reducer gear ring

Application: Machinery, Agricultural Machinery, Car
Hardness: Hardened Tooth Surface
Gear Position: Internal Gear
Manufacturing Method: Rolling Gear
Toothed Portion Shape: Spur Gear
Material: Cast Steel
US$ 700/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

Request Sample



Customized Request

pto shaft

What factors should be considered when designing an efficient driveline system?

Designing an efficient driveline system involves considering various factors that contribute to performance, reliability, and overall system efficiency. Here are the key factors that should be considered when designing an efficient driveline system:

1. Power Requirements:

The power requirements of the vehicle play a crucial role in designing an efficient driveline system. It is essential to determine the maximum power output of the engine and ensure that the driveline components can handle and transfer that power efficiently. Optimizing the driveline for the specific power requirements helps minimize energy losses and maximize overall efficiency.

2. Weight and Packaging:

The weight and packaging of the driveline components have a significant impact on system efficiency. Lightweight materials and compact design help reduce the overall weight of the driveline, which can improve fuel efficiency and vehicle performance. Additionally, efficient packaging ensures that driveline components are properly integrated, minimizing energy losses and maximizing available space within the vehicle.

3. Friction and Mechanical Losses:

Minimizing friction and mechanical losses within the driveline system is crucial for achieving high efficiency. Frictional losses occur at various points, such as bearings, gears, and joints. Selecting low-friction materials, optimizing lubrication systems, and implementing efficient bearing designs can help reduce these losses. Additionally, employing advanced gear designs, such as helical or hypoid gears, can improve gear mesh efficiency and reduce power losses.

4. Gear Ratios and Transmission Efficiency:

The selection of appropriate gear ratios and optimizing transmission efficiency greatly impacts driveline efficiency. Gear ratios should be chosen to match the vehicle’s power requirements, driving conditions, and desired performance characteristics. In addition, improving the efficiency of the transmission, such as reducing gear mesh losses and enhancing hydraulic or electronic control systems, can contribute to overall driveline efficiency.

5. Aerodynamic Considerations:

Aerodynamics play a significant role in a vehicle’s overall efficiency, including the driveline system. Reducing aerodynamic drag through streamlined vehicle design, efficient cooling systems, and appropriate underbody airflow management can enhance driveline efficiency by reducing the power required to overcome air resistance.

6. System Integration and Control:

Efficient driveline design involves seamless integration and control of various components. Employing advanced control systems, such as electronic control units (ECUs), can optimize driveline operation by adjusting power distribution, managing gear shifts, and optimizing torque delivery based on real-time driving conditions. Effective system integration ensures smooth communication and coordination between driveline components, improving overall efficiency.

7. Environmental Considerations:

Environmental factors should also be taken into account when designing an efficient driveline system. Considerations such as emissions regulations, sustainability goals, and the use of alternative power sources (e.g., hybrid or electric drivetrains) can influence driveline design decisions. Incorporating technologies like regenerative braking or start-stop systems can further enhance efficiency and reduce environmental impact.

8. Reliability and Durability:

Designing an efficient driveline system involves ensuring long-term reliability and durability. Selecting high-quality materials, performing thorough testing and validation, and considering factors such as thermal management and component durability help ensure that the driveline system operates efficiently over its lifespan.

By considering these factors during the design process, engineers can develop driveline systems that are optimized for efficiency, performance, and reliability, resulting in improved fuel economy, reduced emissions, and enhanced overall vehicle efficiency.

pto shaft

How do drivelines enhance the performance of different types of vehicles?

Drivelines significantly contribute to enhancing the performance of different types of vehicles by optimizing power delivery, improving traction, and tailoring the driving characteristics to suit specific needs. Here’s a detailed explanation of how drivelines enhance performance in various vehicle types:

1. Passenger Cars:

In passenger cars, driveline configurations, such as front-wheel drive (FWD), rear-wheel drive (RWD), and all-wheel drive (AWD), play a crucial role in performance. Here’s how drivelines enhance performance in passenger cars:

  • FWD: Front-wheel drive systems provide better traction and stability, particularly in adverse weather conditions. FWD drivelines distribute weight more evenly over the front wheels, resulting in improved grip during acceleration and cornering.
  • RWD: Rear-wheel drive drivelines offer better weight distribution, allowing for improved handling and balanced performance. RWD vehicles typically exhibit better acceleration and a more engaging driving experience, especially in performance-oriented cars.
  • AWD: All-wheel drive drivelines deliver power to all four wheels, improving traction and stability in various driving conditions. AWD systems enhance performance by maximizing grip and providing optimal power distribution between the front and rear wheels.

2. Sports Cars and Performance Vehicles:

Driveline systems in sports cars and performance vehicles are designed to enhance acceleration, handling, and overall driving dynamics. Key features include:

  • Rear-Wheel Drive (RWD): RWD drivelines are often favored in sports cars for their ability to deliver power to the rear wheels, resulting in better weight transfer during acceleration and improved handling characteristics.
  • Performance-oriented AWD: Some high-performance vehicles employ advanced AWD systems that can variably distribute torque between the front and rear wheels. These systems enhance traction, stability, and cornering capabilities, allowing for superior performance on both dry and slippery surfaces.
  • Torque Vectoring: Certain driveline systems incorporate torque vectoring technology, which actively varies the torque distribution between wheels. This enables precise control during cornering, reducing understeer and enhancing agility and stability.

3. Off-Road Vehicles:

Drivelines in off-road vehicles are designed to provide exceptional traction, durability, and maneuverability in challenging terrains. Key features include:

  • Four-Wheel Drive (4WD) and All-Wheel Drive (AWD): 4WD and AWD drivelines are commonly used in off-road vehicles to improve traction on uneven surfaces. These drivelines distribute power to all wheels, allowing for better grip and enhanced off-road capability.
  • Differential Locks: Off-road drivelines often incorporate differential locks that can be engaged to lock the wheels on an axle together. This feature ensures that power is evenly distributed to all wheels, maximizing traction and overcoming challenging obstacles.
  • High Ground Clearance: Drivelines in off-road vehicles are designed to accommodate higher ground clearance, allowing for improved approach, departure, and breakover angles. This design feature enhances the vehicle’s ability to navigate over rough terrain without damaging the driveline components.

4. Trucks and Commercial Vehicles:

Drivelines in trucks and commercial vehicles are engineered to provide high torque delivery, durability, and efficiency. Key features include:

  • High Torque Handling: Drivelines in trucks and commercial vehicles are designed to handle high torque outputs from powerful engines, enabling efficient towing, hauling, and overall performance.
  • Transmission Options: Drivelines in trucks often feature transmissions with multiple gear ratios, allowing drivers to select the appropriate gear for different load conditions. This enhances performance, fuel efficiency, and overall drivability.
  • Efficient Power Transfer: Drivelines in commercial vehicles focus on maximizing power transfer efficiency, minimizing energy losses, and optimizing fuel economy. This is achieved through the use of efficient transmission designs, low-friction components, and advanced control systems.

5. Electric and Hybrid Vehicles:

Drivelines in electric and hybrid vehicles play a crucial role in delivering power from the electric motor(s) to the wheels. Key features include:

  • Instant Torque: Electric drivelines offer instant torque delivery, providing quick acceleration andresponsive performance. This enhances the driving experience and allows for swift overtaking and merging.
  • Regenerative Braking: Electric and hybrid drivelines can incorporate regenerative braking systems, which convert kinetic energy during braking into electrical energy. This improves overall efficiency and extends the vehicle’s range.
  • Multi-Motor Systems: Some electric and hybrid drivelines utilize multiple motors to drive different axles or wheels independently. This enables advanced torque vectoring and enhances handling, stability, and traction control.

These are just a few examples of how drivelines enhance the performance of different types of vehicles. Driveline configurations, technologies, and engineering considerations are tailored to each vehicle type, optimizing power delivery, handling, traction, and other performance characteristics specific to their intended use and market segment.

pto shaft

How do drivelines handle variations in torque, speed, and angles of rotation?

Drivelines are designed to handle variations in torque, speed, and angles of rotation within a power transmission system. They incorporate specific components and mechanisms that enable the smooth and efficient transfer of power while accommodating these variations. Here’s a detailed explanation of how drivelines handle variations in torque, speed, and angles of rotation:

Variations in Torque:

Drivelines encounter variations in torque when the power requirements change, such as during acceleration, deceleration, or when encountering different loads. To handle these variations, drivelines incorporate several components:

1. Clutch: In manual transmission systems, a clutch is used to engage or disengage the engine’s power from the driveline. By partially or completely disengaging the clutch, the driveline can temporarily interrupt power transfer, allowing for smooth gear changes or vehicle stationary positions. This helps manage torque variations during shifting or when power demands change abruptly.

2. Torque Converter: Automatic transmissions employ torque converters, which are fluid couplings that transfer power from the engine to the transmission. Torque converters provide a certain amount of slip, allowing for torque multiplication and smooth power transfer. The slip in the torque converter helps absorb torque variations and dampens abrupt changes, ensuring smoother operation during acceleration or when power demands fluctuate.

3. Differential: The differential mechanism in drivelines compensates for variations in torque between the wheels, particularly during turns. When a vehicle turns, the inner and outer wheels travel different distances, resulting in different rotational speeds. The differential allows the wheels to rotate at different speeds while distributing torque to each wheel accordingly. This ensures that torque variations are managed and power is distributed effectively to optimize traction and stability.

Variations in Speed:

Drivelines also need to handle variations in rotational speed, especially when the engine operates at different RPMs or when different gear ratios are selected. The following components aid in managing speed variations:

1. Transmission: The transmission allows for the selection of different gear ratios, which influence the rotational speed of the driveline components. By changing gears, the transmission adjusts the speed at which power is transferred from the engine to the driveline. This allows the driveline to adapt to different speed requirements, whether it’s for quick acceleration or maintaining a consistent speed during cruising.

2. Gearing: Driveline systems often incorporate various gears in the transmission, differential, or axle assemblies. Gears provide mechanical advantage by altering the speed and torque relationship. By employing different gear ratios, the driveline can adjust the rotational speed and torque output to match the requirements of the vehicle under different operating conditions.

Variations in Angles of Rotation:

Drivelines must accommodate variations in angles of rotation, especially in vehicles with flexible or independent suspension systems. The following components help manage these variations:

1. Universal Joints: Universal joints, also known as U-joints, are flexible couplings used in drivelines to accommodate variations in angles and misalignments between components. They allow for smooth power transmission between the drive shaft and other components, compensating for changes in driveline angles during vehicle operation or suspension movement. Universal joints are particularly effective in handling non-linear or variable angles of rotation.

2. Constant Velocity Joints (CV Joints): CV joints are specialized joints used in drivelines, especially in front-wheel-drive and all-wheel-drive vehicles. They allow the driveline to handle variations in angles while maintaining a constant velocity during rotation. CV joints are designed to mitigate vibrations, power losses, and potential binding or juddering that can occur due to changes in angles of rotation.

By incorporating these components and mechanisms, drivelines effectively handle variations in torque, speed, and angles of rotation. These features ensure smooth power transfer, optimal performance, and enhanced durability in various driving conditions and operating scenarios.

China manufacturer Stainless Steel CNC Machining Steering Propeller Flexible Crank Gear Drive Shafts Drive LineChina manufacturer Stainless Steel CNC Machining Steering Propeller Flexible Crank Gear Drive Shafts Drive Line
editor by CX 2023-09-01

China Drive Shaft Couplings Crank Gear Square Shredder Machine Double Propeller Steering Alignment Flexible Hub Motor Pool Cue Stainless Steel Splined Shafts pto shaft danger

Solution Description

       Drive shaft couplings crank equipment sq. shredder device double propeller              steering alignment flexible hub motor pool cue  stainless metal splined shafts

US $10-99
/ Piece
100 Pieces

(Min. Order)


Material: Carbon Steel
Load: Drive Shaft
Stiffness & Flexibility: Stiffness / Rigid Axle
Journal Diameter Dimensional Accuracy: IT6-IT9
Axis Shape: Straight Shaft
Shaft Shape: Real Axis


US$ 9999/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

Request Sample

US $10-99
/ Piece
100 Pieces

(Min. Order)


Material: Carbon Steel
Load: Drive Shaft
Stiffness & Flexibility: Stiffness / Rigid Axle
Journal Diameter Dimensional Accuracy: IT6-IT9
Axis Shape: Straight Shaft
Shaft Shape: Real Axis


US$ 9999/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

Request Sample

Choosing the Right PTO for Your Machine

There are many types of PTOs, and you may be wondering which one is the best choice for your machine. In this article, you’ll learn about Splined PTOs, Reverse PTOs, and Independent PTOs. Choosing the right PTO for your needs will allow you to operate your machine more efficiently.


LPTOs can be dangerous for operators. They should stay at a safe distance from them to avoid getting entangled in the rotating shaft. If an operator gets caught, he or she could sustain severe injuries or even death. Safety precautions include wearing clothing that does not cling to the shaft.
There are many types of PTOs. Some of them support high power applications. These models have different shafts with varying spline configurations. Type 3 shafts have 20 splines, while Type 2 shafts have just 10. Type 3 and Type 2 shafts are referred to as large 1000 and small 1000 respectively by farmers.
The power that drives the PTO shaft comes from the gearbox through the countershaft. Standardizing the PTO speed helps to design equipment around the given speed. For example, a threshing machine is supposed to run at a specific peripheral velocity of the threshing cylinder, so pulley arrangements are usually designed with that speed in mind.
Because the PTO shaft is often low to the ground, it is easier to handle it from a kneeling position. Using a good surface to place the implement on will help you align the splines properly. To make this process easier, use a floor mat, a carpet, or a sturdy piece of cardboard. Once you have positioned the shaft on the PTO, press the locking pin button. If the PTO shaft is stuck, jiggling the implement a bit will help it slide into position.
Shaft Collar

Reverse PTO

There are several different ways to reverse the PTO shaft. Some older Massey Ferguson style tractors are designed to reverse the PTO shaft by turning it backward. This feature is useful for raising upright silo unloaders. The first method involves driving backward with the rear wheel jacked up and rotating while the rear wheel spins. This method is also useful for reversing a baler or unplugging a baler.
Another option is to install a reverse PTO adapter. These adapters are available for all types of PTOs. A reverse PTO is an excellent choice for any implement that can get stuck when rotating in one direction. However, it should only be used when it is absolutely necessary. The reverse PTO should not be rotated too far backward or for too long.
There are also different types of PTO shafts. Some transfer energy faster than others. That is why a large tractor’s PTO will transfer energy faster than a small tractor’s. Furthermore, independent PTOs don’t require a parking break like transmission PTOs do. There is also a difference between metric and domestic PTO shafts.
In farming, the reverse PTO is used when the farm machinery gets stuck or needs to be reversed. It also makes it possible to use the tractor to turn in the opposite direction. A PTO is a mechanical gearbox that transfers energy from the tractor’s engine to other implements. It can also supply power in the form of rotating pumps.

Splined PTO

The splined PTO shaft consists of six equal-sized splines that are spaced apart by grooves. The splines are angled to the axis of rotation of the PTO shaft. When the splines and the grooves meet, they align the screw end portion.
A splined PTO shaft can be retrofitted to most size 6 PTO shafts. It can also be used as a replacement for a worn out or damaged PTO shaft. This type of PTO shaft is recommended for tractors that require a quick and easy install.
Splined PTO shafts can be used for different types of agricultural equipment. They are compatible with standard and Weasler yokes. They can be cut to size and are available in North American and Metric series. They also come in an Italian Metric series. These shafts are easy to install and remove with a simple key.
A splined PTO shaft is essential for facilitating the interconnection of different components. A power take off (PTO) shaft tool engages the splined PTO shaft and turns it in order to align it with the input shaft of a cooperating structure. This tool is used to connect the PTO shaft to a tractor. This can also be used on a truck, trailer, or any other powered vehicle.
A wrench 40 is also useful for securing a PTO shaft. It enables the wrench to rotate the P.T.O. shaft approximately 30 degrees. The wrench’s leg 46 engages the shaft on the opposite side of the PTO shaft 16. Once the wrench is tightened, the tool can rotate the PTO shaft to make it align with the input shaft 16.
Shaft Collar

Independent PTO

Independent PTO shafts can be mechanical or hydraulic. The mechanical type has a separate on/off selector and control lever, whereas hydraulic PTOs have just one. The mechanical version is preferred for tractors that need to operate at lower speeds and for applications such as baling and tilling. The hydraulic version reduces noise and vibration.
Another advantage of an independent PTO is that it is easy to engage. Instead of engaging a clutch, you simply shift the PTO selector lever away from ‘OFF’ and flip the PTO switch to “ON.” This lever is usually located on the right hand side of the operator’s seat.
The ISO 500 standard provides specifications for independent PTO shafts. This specification lays out the size of the shaft, number of splines and the location of the PTO. In addition, it specifies the maximum RPM and shaft diameter for a PTO. The original ISO 500-3 specification calls for 540 revolutions per minute for shafts with six splines.
Another benefit of an independent PTO is its ability to be engaged or disengaged without using the transmission clutch. The lever can be pressed halfway or fully to engage an independent PTO. The independent PTO also allows you to stop the tractor while it is in motion. Independent PTOs are available in hydrostatic or mechanical configurations, and are particularly popular with hydrostatic drives.

LPTO shaft guard

An LPTO shaft guard prevents accidental rotational collisions by covering the shaft of a PTO. A PTO shaft is a moving part that can entrap a person’s legs, arms, and clothing. In a pinch, a person could become entangled in the shaft and suffer a serious injury. A PTO shaft guard is a great way to protect yourself against these dangerous incidents.
PTO mishaps can cause severe injuries and even fatalities. To prevent this, equipment manufacturers have made strides in improving the design and construction of their PTO drive shafts. A PTO shaft guard will protect the drive shaft from entanglement and tearing. Proper installation and maintenance of a PTO shaft guard can help protect the tractor, PTO, and other machinery.
Tractor PTO shaft guards are made from durable plastics and can be installed easily. They keep all the parts of the tractor in place and prevent accidents during operation. These parts are vital components for many farm equipments. A 540 RPM shaft can pull a person from a distance of five feet. A PTO shaft guard will prevent this from happening by keeping clothing from becoming entangled in the shaft.
Another important component of a PTO system is the master shield, which covers the PTO stub and the input driveline shaft of an implement. The master shield protects both the tractor PTO stub and the connection end of the input driveline shaft. It extends over the PTO stub on three sides. Many people never replace their master shields because they are too expensive.
Shaft Collar

Safety of handling a pto shaft

Handling a PTO shaft safely is a vital component of tractor safety. Safety shields must be properly fastened to the shaft to prevent any accidents. The shield should also be inspected and maintained regularly. Otherwise, foreign materials, including clothing, can enter the shaft’s bearings. It is also important to walk around the rotating shaft whenever possible.
Power takeoff shafts are used to transfer mechanical power from farm tractors to implements. However, improper handling of these devices can lead to severe injuries, including amputation and multiple fractures. Spinal injuries are also common, especially if an individual is rotated around the shaft.
Operator awareness is key to avoiding PTO entanglement. Performing repairs while a machine is in operation or wearing loose, frayed clothing may lead to injury. It is also important to read the manufacturer’s instructions before operating a PTO. Lastly, it is important to never operate a PTO while the engine is running.
PTO shafts should be protected by ‘U’ or ‘O’ guards on the tractor and the attached implement. It is also important to use a PTO stand. As with any mechanical part, handling a PTO shaft requires care. Always ensure that the tractor is off before working and remove the key before working on it. Also, it is important to avoid stepping on the drive line or going under it. Make sure you wear protective clothing and shoes. Avoid wearing clothes that have laces as they could become entangled in the shaft and cause injury.
The connection to the PTO shaft should be close to the ground. If it is not, kneel on a flat surface. A piece of carpet, automobile floor-mat or cardboard can work well. Then, align the splines on the PTO shaft. To do this, press the locking pin button, then pull the ball-lock collar back, and then push the shaft onto the PTO.
China Drive Shaft Couplings Crank Gear Square Shredder Machine Double Propeller Steering Alignment Flexible Hub Motor Pool Cue Stainless Steel Splined Shafts     pto shaft dangerChina Drive Shaft Couplings Crank Gear Square Shredder Machine Double Propeller Steering Alignment Flexible Hub Motor Pool Cue Stainless Steel Splined Shafts     pto shaft danger
editor by czh 2023-01-24